Types of Psorasis

Click the images below for more information on where these types of psoriasis occur...

Chronic plaque psoriasis is the most common form of psoriasis. Often seen on elbows, knees, lower backs and the umbilicus, this form of psoriasis presents as red, flat areas with thick silvery scale. Severity may vary, ranging from isolated plaques to extensive areas of involvement.

Facial psoriasis is a common condition, often with an overlap with seborrhoeic dermatitis, a condition known as sebopsoriasis. It presents as scaly, dry, and red patches along the scalp, nose and cheeks. Given the location, this form of psoriasis can have a significant impact on a patient’s psyche.

Psoriasis of the genital area is not uncommon and may present as smooth red patches, or silvery scaly areas. Psoriasis in this region causes the most amount of psychological impact for patients however simple but effective treatments are readily available.

Guttate psoriasis is a type of psoriasis most commonly seen after a bacterial throat infection. “Tear-drop” shaped red and slightly scaly plaques are usually seen scattered on the trunk, arms and legs. It often affects children and young adults, and responds very well to treatment.

Psoriasis can affect the hands and feet and can often be mistaken for hand dermatitis. Psoriasis in these areas can be debilatiting for patients as it may impair work and physical contact with people. Hand and foot psoriasis may present as red, scaly areas, or cracks and fissures.

Half of all psoriasis patients will have nail disease. Nail psoriasis may present as tiny pits, thickened nails, or staining of the nail plate. Psoriasis of the nails can be distressing to many patients both in terms of pain as well as the unsightly look of this condition.

Psoriasis patients have a higher risk of heart disease than people without psoriasis. The inflammatory response of psoriasis can affect arteries especially if other risk factors such as high cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure or smoking are present.

This form of psoriasis may present as shiny red patches under the breast area, armpits and groin. Friction and trauma can worsen this form of psoriasis. Keeping the affected areas clean and dry, and treating any infection forms the basis of treatment.

Psoriatic arthritis is joint pain and swelling usually in conjunction with psoriasis of the skin. Up to 40% of psoriasis patients will have psoriatic arthritis of some severity. Damage to joints may be permanent, disfiguring and limit function. Psoriatic arthritis needs to be assessed and treated early.

Scalp psoriasis can present as dandruff, scaling or thickened silvery scales along the hairline or in the scalp itself. Untreated, it may cause hair loss in the affected areas. Scalp psoriasis is an easily treatable condition. Our Specialists at The Psoriasis Institute can diagnose and treat your scalp.

Unstable psoriasis involves forms of psoriasis that can rapidly progress and cause dangerous or even fatal medical complications. In erythrodermic psoriasis, most of the body may be inflamed and in pustular psoriasis large areas of the body may show small non-infected pustules. This may be a medical emergency and may require admission to hospital.